The Sustainable Food Governance Advisory Council (in French: CCGAD) of Bordeaux Métropole is the first food governance body led by a French metropolis.
The creation of CCGAD is linked to the creation of territorial food projects (in French: PAT). In 2014 the law “for the future of agriculture” was adopted and created the PATs. These are local initiatives led by public authorities in which players in a territory will meet, establish a diagnosis of the food situation and seek concrete solutions to address local issues. These PATs concern all kinds of scales (municipalities, metropolitan areas, departments, regions, national parks, etc.). The objective is to instill a dynamic of sustainable development in the food sector in a given territory. In doing so, the PATs affect economic (development of local agriculture, etc.), social (better access to organic products for the inhabitants of the territory, etc.) and environmental aspects (increase in the proportion of organic products in school canteens, etc.).
The CCGAD was built on the model of Territorial Food Projects (PAT). In fact, in 2014 Bordeaux, alongside the Basque Country and the Community of Agglomeration of Libournais, was designated as a pilot territory within the framework of a project on food governance led by the DREAL (in French: Regional Office for the Environment, Planning and Housing). The objective is to reflect on the modalities necessary to develop a public food policy based on the Agenda 21.
Using the PATs methodology, at the end of 2014 a territorial diagnosis was carried out as well as a mapping of actors. In 2015, during several workshops, such as the “Eat” forum and the participatory event “Towards a food governance council”, was born the will to create a new governance mechanism for territorial action in favor of sustainable food.
On May 19, 2017, the CCGAD was created by deliberation of the Metropolitan Council for an experimental period of three years. During this period the objective is to assess the relevance of an innovative approach to food governance and to implement a monitoring system to measure the impact of the actions carried out. In 2018, members of the Sustainable Food Governance Advisory Council met during factory workshops to build the Council's action plan. Subsequently, in 2019, CCGAD began implementing its action plan and standardized its operation.
Finally, if the Advisory Council on Food Governance is an innovative and unique body in France, other cities around the world have already adopted similar systems for some time. Thus, the CCGAD is inspired by the Food policy councils of Toronto, Bristol and Montreal. Likewise, the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact, signed by the city of Bordeaux in 2015, encourages these initiatives.
The CCGAD action plan defines 4 priority work themes:
- Allow everyone to exercise their choice of a healthy and sustainable diet
This translates into actions both on the distribution of the food supply and on the financial constraints of the populations.
- Fight against food waste
The objective here is to fight against food waste from the beginning to the end of the food value chain, meeting the objectives of the Zero Waste, Zero Waste Territory Action Plan of Bordeaux Métropole.
- Strengthen the food agricultural capacity of the territory
Half of the territory of the Metropolis of Bordeaux is occupied by natural or agricultural spaces. The objective of the work of the CCGAD is to strengthen the food agricultural capacity of the metropolitan territory by recreating the links between consumption and production.
- Relocate sectors and encourage short and local circuits
The CCGAD wishes to strengthen local food autonomy and resilience through exchanges between local actors: strengthening short circuits, better working conditions for farmers….
These themes will subsequently be developed through operational missions defined by the members of the Board in 2019. These missions are:
- Bring together the food sector players in the region and coordinate cooperation
- Raise the awareness of stakeholders and citizens, promote and bring to knowledge
- Support local initiatives and experiments
- Monitor and evaluate the performance of the territory
Subsequently, these missions will be broken down into 25 actions, each of which falls within one or more of the priority work themes listed above. For example, within the framework of the “Federate actors and lead cooperation” component, the CCGAD must “Identify and pool the places and equipment for raising awareness of changes in eating habits” this action falls within the themes of “Food accessibility” and “Fight against food waste ". You can find the full CCGAD action plan here (in French).
How CCGAD works
The Sustainable Food Governance Advisory Council is made up of local players in the territory's food system and are signatories of the CCGAD charter. Currently 54 members (September 2020) endorse the vision, missions and values of the board as well as bring expertise in at least one area of the food system.
The members are divided into one of the 5 stakeholder colleges:
College 1: Actors of public policies and support staff
College 2: Actors in food and agricultural production and support staff
College 3: Actors in food processing and support staff
College 4: Food distribution players and support staff
College 5: Actors for raising awareness, defending interests and helping to change eating habits.
CCGAD members elect representatives who represent the interests of their college within the steering committee, made up of 17 members, and contribute to the construction of CCGAD strategies.
Each college elects at least three representatives for a four-year term who, within the steering committee, will ensure the representation of their college, ensure the integration of new players and participate in the construction of CCGAD strategies. The steering committee defines the annual objectives of CCGAD and ensures the monitoring and evaluation of its action.
The board is chaired in pairs by the vice-president of Bordeaux Métropole in charge of food resilience (currently Patrick Papadato) and one or a member elected among college representatives (outside college 1). The role of this co-presidency is to facilitate the organization of Board meetings as well as the links between the CCGAD and Bordeaux Métropole, but also to ensure that the actions carried out by the CCGAD are part of a global relocation strategy for a sustainable food system.
Finally, the coordination of the CCGAD is handled by Bordeaux Métropole agents in charge of the food governance mission, in collaboration with the agents in charge of public policies related to food.
Out of the 25 actions planned by CCGAD, 17 are in progress or have been implemented. Among the actions implemented since 2017, we can note the animation of a mapping of the actors of sustainable food (to be find on this link), the development of workshops for the general public, the support for the development of marketing methods in short and local circuits as well as the development of urban farming initiatives in the metropolis. If the year 2020 and the Covid crisis somewhat slowed down the work of the CCGAD, many actions are still planned for this year including the launch of a study on food waste as well as the creation of links with the medical professions for a food-health approach.
The little extra
You have to go to the CCGAD website (to be find on this link)! You will find a rich agenda, bringing together events and activities related to sustainable food in the Bordeaux Métropole sector.
Likewise, the site relays job offers related to sustainable food as well as calls for projects and applications in the food sector in the region.
Last modification : 09 Sep 2020.
The CCGAD, Advisory Council for Sustainable Food Governance, is the first regional body dedicated to sustainable food in France. Created in 2017 for an experimental period of 3 years, the CCGAD aims to co-construct strategies to support the transition of the Bordeaux metropolis towards the emergence of a sustainable territorial food system. A collectively developed action plan guides CCGAD's food strategy.